Program - Research

Technology in Romania: Fast Is Not Fair

Romania has one of the most competitive technology markets in the world. But who benefits from it?

Lying for Fun, Politics and Money in Hungary

Facebook appears to be the almost exclusive source of traffic for Hungarian misinformation websites, which fall on the spectrum from purely ideological sites to simple money-making machines. Their Facebook pages are stable, directing users to their ever-changing URLs.

Funding Journalism in Georgia: One Government, Two Families and Two Brothers

Georgian independent journalism is struggling in a highly politicized media industry where the government and a few wealthy businesspeople call the shots.

How to Build an Authoritarian Internet Culture: The Pakistan Model

Technology companies were hoped and expected to liberate the world and give journalism a platform to operate freely. But in Pakistan, they have become a policing tool.

Journalism Funding in Kazakhstan: A Government Affair

With millions of dollars splurged on media every year, control of large ownership stakes in media companies and a raft of loyal media entrepreneurs, the Kazakh government leaves little space for independent reporting and business innovation.